Costa-Gavras is a Greek-born French filmmaker, best known for films with overt political themes, most famously the fast-paced thriller Z (Jury Prize at the Cannes Film Festival in 1969). His filmography includes L’aveu (The Confession) in 1970, Etat de siège (State of Siege) in 1972, Section spéciale (Special Section) in 1975 ("Best Director Award" at the Cannes Film festival), Missing in 1982 ("Golden Palme" in Cannes, Oscar and BAFTA awards for the screenplay), Music Box in 1989 ("Golden Berlin Bear"), Amen in 2002 and Eden à l’Ouest (Eden is West) in 2009 and Le Capital (Capital) in 2012. In 2013, the Académie André Delvaux of Belgium awarded him the "honorary Magritte" of the year.

After a five-year term in the 1980s, Costa-Gravas was again appointed president of the Cinémathèque Française in 2007, a post he will hold until August 2016.